The government is committed to the continued development of a sound infrastructure to support its residents and citizens and to maintain a democratic, open and non-racial society and recognises the importance of free enterprise and a market-orientated economy to achieve these goals. New industries have to be developed to provide products and services for both domestic and international markets.
At the end of 1992 Botswana had 18,327 kilometers of roads of which 8,766 kilometres are maintained by the Department of Roads and 9,566 kilometres by the district councils. This road network links all settlements with a population of over 100 people, which represents over 90% of the national population. This does not include internal roads in cities, towns or villages which are public roads maintained by Local Government.
Of the 8,766 kilometres of National Roads, 4,200 kilometres are paved or bituminised, 3,641 kilometres are graveled, 6,268 kilometres earth roads and 4,752 kilometres are sand tracks.
The route length of the railways is nearly 900 kilometres comprising 650 kilometres of main line between Ramatlabama in the south and Ramokgwabwe in the north, and 250 kilometres of branch lines serving copper and nickel mines in Selebi Phikwe area, coal mines in Morupule and soda plant at Sua. The principal stations are Lobatse, Ramotswa, Gaborone, Pilane, Mahalapye, Palapye, Serule, Selebi Phikwe and Francistown.
By the beginning of 1990s there were 27 government owned airfields of which four were paved major airports, namely Sir Seretse Khama Airport in Gaborone, Maun Airport, Francistown Airport and Selebi-Phikwe Airport. In addition, the Kasane Airport was completed in 1991, and is an international airport.
The Botswana Postal Services was established by an act of parliament in November 1989. Its main objective was to provide, develop, operate and manage postal services in the country and also to enter into bilateral agreements with other Postal Administrations on postal services matters.
Botswana Telecommunications Corporation (BTC) was established as a parastatal by an Act of Parliament in 1980, thereby separating the Postal Services from Telecommunications Services. Botswana Telecommunications Corporation employs a total workforce of approximately 1,000 people with the rapid expansion of the service to many parts of the country. The BTC has implemented an almost 100% digital telephone network throughout the country.
BTC has implemented a countrywide digital telephone network with several thousand kilometers of fiber optic cable and a complete countrywide microwave network. Other services offered by the BTC include countrywide paging and a digital data network (ISDN and X.25) as well as high-speed Internet access.
Other telecommunications services available privately are mobile telecommunications from two private GSM digital mobile networks (Mascom and Orange).