Glossary

-  Accreditation, to accredit: Official recognition by the host state (giving the accreditation) of the head of the diplomatic mission appointed by the sending state (receiving the accreditation).

-  Agency for French education abroad (AEFE): public establishment under the control of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs created in 1990 to administer French public education establishments abroad.

-  Approval: consent of the host state to the appointment of the head of mission proposed by the sending state.

-  "Blue": a summary of the conclusions (on blue paper) of the inter-ministerial meetings in the Matignon building, which are directives for the participants

-  CFSP: Common foreign and security policy between members of the European Union, institutionalised with the Treaty of Maastricht.

-  Cipher, ciphering: A system for automatically coding messages (telegrams) exchanged between the posts and the Department.

-  COFACE: French insurance company for external trade; a public body when it was created in 1946, it has since been privatised and specialises in guaranteeing risks related to external trade.

-  "Commis": Under the Ancien Régime, a high ranking public official.

-  "Concours d’Orient": An entrance examination for access to a diplomatic career designed for recruiting language specialists and European, Near and Middle East, Africa and Asia specialists. A German section has recently been added to it.

-  Consular commission: A formal letter from the President of the Republic, conferring powers on a head of a consular post.

-  Council of Europe: The first European inter-governmental organisation founded in 1949 in Strasbourg.

-  Department: Originally, all the tasks assigned to a minister or a civil servant. Department means a ministry, but that of Foreign Affairs is practically the only one in which the word "Department" has remained in current use, and is often used alone.

-  Detached chancery: branch of a consulate situated outside the city where it has its headquarters. Diplomatic bag: Large jute sacks sealed with red wax, which go by air once or twice a week, escorted by a "cabinet courier" when their contents are confidential.

-  DREE: The department for external economic relations in the Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry

-  EBRD: The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, created in 1990.

-  EUTELSAT: European organisation for satellite communication

-  French association: A network of independent associations in local law under the umbrella of the mother French association, dedicated since its creation in 1883 to the dissemination of the French language and culture.

-  IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, created in 1945 (also known as the "World Bank").

-  IMF: International Monetary Fund, created in 1945.

-  Intranet: An internal Ministry information network

-  MEDEF: Movement for French enterprises, formerly CNPF (French national employers council)

-  NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, stemmed from the Washington alliance treaty (1949)

-  Noble: of the King or, in other words, which comes under the sovereignty of the state

-  OECD: Organisation for economic co-operation and development, from 1960 the successor to the OEEC

-  OFPRA: French office for the protection of refugees and stateless persons, public establishment under the control of Foreign Affairs, created in 1952.

-  OSCE: Organisation for security and co-operation in Europe, which stemmed from the conference of the same name originating in the 1975 Helsinki Final Act.

-  PEE: Economic expansion post, a branch of the DREE abroad.

-  Post: Any official French representation abroad.

-  Security Council: Decision making body of the United Nations composed of 15 states, 5 of which are permanent members.

-  SGCI: Secretariat General of the inter-ministerial committee for questions on European Economic co-operation, body responsible for France’s policy in relation to the European Union, responsible to the prime Minister.

-  Telegram: Message sent electronically, usually encoded, between the posts and the Department The French artistic action association (AFAA): An organisation founded in 1922 to encourage artistic exchanges with other countries.

-  UNESCO: United Nations organisation for education, science and culture, founded in 1946.

-  WEU: Western European Union, the sole European defence organisation, created in 1955.

-  WHO: World Health Organisation, specialist United Nations institution, created in 1948.

-  WTO: World Trade Organisation, which in 1995 stemmed from the General agreement on tariffs and trade (GATT) dating from 1948.

Dernière modification : 10/02/2008

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